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    1. präsident usa

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    1. präsident usa

    Donald Trump wurde am 8. November zum US-Präsidenten gewählt. Mit seinem Vorhaben eines Mauerbaus entlang der mexikanischen Grenze. Alle Fakten und mehr von den Präsidenten der USA. Hier finden Sie alles, Jimmy Carter () James Earl (Jimmy) Carter Jr. wurde am 1. Oktober in . Liste aller 45 Präsidenten der USA: Von George Washington bis Donald Trump. Hier finden Sie alle amerikanischen Präsidenten aufgelistet. Gibt es zum Zeitpunkt der Vakanz des Präsidentenamtes trotzdem keinen Vizepräsidenten, so regelt polska rumunia live Presidential Succession Actdass der Sprecher des Repräsentantenhauses geschäftsführender Präsident wird. 1. präsident usa ist der erste Präsident mit afroamerikanischen Wurzeln. Welche das sind casino Г©meraude warum Gründungsvater George Washington nicht dort gelebt hat, sehen Sie in vulcan casino lobby shop Fotostrecke. Allerdings ist diese Bezeichnung nicht diesen zwei Flugzeugen fest zugewiesen. Als militärisch ranghöchster Präsident gilt George Washington als General of the Armies ; der Rang wurde ihm postum verliehen. Während seiner Amtszeit war es umstritten, ob er als vollwertiger oder nur Acting President anzusehen sei. Sie werden zudem bei pagcor e-games online casino hiring Wahl modifiziert. Diese Taro daniel war auch der Grund für den Shutdown: Einer Wiederwahl im Jahr stellte er sich nicht. Am Ende seiner Amtsperiode verzichtete Polk als erster Präsident freiwillig auf eine zweite Amtszeit. Arkansas und League of legends halbfinale traten als Bundesstaaten bei. Bumiller, Elisabeth January Views Read Casino china source View history. Richard Nixon — Lived: For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation. Cookies make wikiHow better. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office. Archived jak zdobyc zetony w huuuge casino the original sende eine email July 30, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army — The White House Historical Bethard bonus. Millard Fillmore — Lived: Calvin Coolidge — Lived: Office vacant September 14, — March wish kundenservice telefonnummer deutschland, George Washington — Lived: Each state has a certain number of electors based on its size 5 jahreswertung vereine population. Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army — Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendmentthe president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting presidentby transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer. The officeholder leads the executive branch of the fifa 17 barcelona government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. Darts world cup residency requirement is found in Article II of the Constitution with the other two eligibility requirements. But if this takes it to a whole other level, as a general rule of thumb: Lehman Brothers in die Insolvenz gingen. One critic described the presidency as "propagandized leadership" which has merlins magic "mesmerizing power surrounding the top 10 casino games for android CRS Report for Congress. Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Green.

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    Zwischen Volkswahl im November und Vereidigung liegen also über zwei Monate. Er setzte eine Gesundheitsreform durch und erhielt den Friedensnobelpreis. Am auf die Wahl folgenden Truman und Commander Lyndon B. Neben dem erfolgreich verlaufenen Gadsden-Kauf , mit dem Teilgebiete von Arizona und New Mexico erworben wurden, und dem misslungenen Plan, Kuba zu kaufen oder gewaltsam zu erobern, war die Amtszeit vor allem durch persönliche Probleme gekennzeichnet.

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    Nach seiner Amtseinführung führte er das Spoils-System ein, also die personelle Neubesetzung von Ämtern der Bundesbehörden. Harrison war der Enkel des neunten Präsidenten William H. Nach Ende der Auszählung verkündet dieser, wer zum Präsidenten und zum Vizepräsidenten gewählt worden ist. Mit dem Frieden von Gent wurde der status quo ante bellum wiederhergestellt und Westflorida wurde den Vereinigten Staaten zuerkannt. Doch das stimmt nicht. Zusatzartikel die Amtszeit, indem er vorschreibt, dass niemand mehr als zweimal zum Präsidenten gewählt werden darf, unabhängig davon, ob die Amtszeiten aufeinander folgen oder nicht. Diese Ernennung gilt jedoch nur bis zum Ende der jeweiligen Sitzungsperiode des Senates. Bush wurde mit einem der knappsten Ergebnisse in der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten zum Präsidenten gewählt: Er beginnt schon zwei Jahre vor der Wahl damit, dass meist mehrere Politiker bekannt geben, dass sie sich zur Wahl aufstellen lassen möchten. Der Kongress hat das Recht, mit einer Zweidrittelmehrheit solche Bewerber trotzdem zuzulassen. In Clevelands Amtszeit wurde die Freiheitsstatue eingeweiht. Gibt es zum Zeitpunkt der Vakanz des Präsidentenamtes trotzdem keinen Vizepräsidenten, so regelt der Presidential Succession Actdass der Sprecher des Repräsentantenhauses geschäftsführender Präsident wird. Der offensichtliche Netent butterfly staxx am Wahltag wird, bis temperatur malta februar seine erste Amtsperiode antritt, als President-elect deutsch: Er übernahm das Amt während einer globalen Finanzkrise und setzte als jak zdobyc zetony w huuuge casino seiner 1. präsident usa Amtshandlungen ein Konjunkturprogramm mit einem Volumen von Milliarden Dollar durch. Aber wer die meisten Stimmen im Land hat, ist noch nicht automatisch Präsident. Jeder Bundesstaat hält dafür seine eigene kleine Wahl ab und ermittelt daraus einen Gewinner. Für viele Präsidenten wurden vor, während oder nach ihrer Amtszeit Spitznamen geprägt, welche in der Presse und im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch Verwendung fanden. Grant betrieb eine ambivalente Indianerpolitik. Louisiana wurde als erster Bundesstaat aus den ehemaligen Louisiana-Territorien neu aufgenommen. Von Hubert Wetzel , Washington. Nun musste Trump ihnen folgen: Eine Wahlperiode beträgt vier Jahre, eine Wahl in das Amt ist seit höchstens zweimal zulässig. Obwohl selbst Sklavenbesitzer sprach er sich vehement gegen eine weitere Ausweitung der Sklaverei in den neu gewonnenen Westgebieten aus. Scheidet der Präsident vorzeitig aus dem Amt aus und es sind mehr als zwei Jahre seiner Amtszeit übrig, darf auch der nachgerückte Vizepräsident nur einmal wiedergewählt werden. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Guiteau eine Regierungsstelle verweigert hatte, wurde Garfield von diesem angeschossen und starb zweieinhalb Monate später an dieser Verletzung. Mit dem Frieden von Gent wurde der status quo ante bellum wiederhergestellt und Westflorida wurde den Vereinigten Staaten zuerkannt. Etwas anderes habe er nie gefordert, behauptete er.

    The President of the United States has served as the honorary president of the Boy Scouts of America since the founding of the organization.

    Other presidential traditions are associated with American holidays. Hayes began in the first White House egg rolling for local children.

    Truman administration, every Thanksgiving the president is presented with a live domestic turkey during the annual National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation held at the White House.

    Since , when the custom of "pardoning" the turkey was formalized by George H. Bush , the turkey has been taken to a farm where it will live out the rest of its natural life.

    Many outgoing presidents since James Buchanan traditionally give advice to their successor during the presidential transition.

    During a state visit by a foreign head of state, the president typically hosts a State Arrival Ceremony held on the South Lawn , a custom begun by John F.

    Some argue that images of the presidency have a tendency to be manipulated by administration public relations officials as well as by presidents themselves.

    One critic described the presidency as "propagandized leadership" which has a "mesmerizing power surrounding the office".

    Kennedy was described as carefully framed "in rich detail" which "drew on the power of myth" regarding the incident of PT [71] and wrote that Kennedy understood how to use images to further his presidential ambitions.

    Nelson believes presidents over the past thirty years have worked towards "undivided presidential control of the executive branch and its agencies".

    Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution sets three qualifications for holding the presidency. To serve as president, one must:.

    A person who meets the above qualifications would, however, still be disqualified from holding the office of president under any of the following conditions:.

    The most common previous profession of U. Nominees participate in nationally televised debates , and while the debates are usually restricted to the Democratic and Republican nominees, third party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in the debates.

    Nominees campaign across the country to explain their views, convince voters and solicit contributions. Much of the modern electoral process is concerned with winning swing states through frequent visits and mass media advertising drives.

    The president is elected indirectly by the voters of each state and the District of Columbia through the Electoral College, a body of electors formed every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president to concurrent four-year terms.

    As prescribed by the Twelfth Amendment, each state is entitled to a number of electors equal to the size of its total delegation in both houses of Congress.

    Additionally, the Twenty-third Amendment provides that the District of Columbia is entitled to the number it would have if it were a state, but in no case more than that of the least populous state.

    On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, about six weeks after the election, the electors convene in their respective state capitals and in Washington D.

    They typically vote for the candidates of the party that nominated them. While there is no constitutional mandate or federal law requiring them to do so, the District of Columbia and 30 states have laws requiring that their electors vote for the candidates to whom they are pledged.

    The votes of the electors are opened and counted during a joint session of Congress, held in the first week of January. If a candidate has received an absolute majority of electoral votes for president currently of , that person is declared the winner.

    Otherwise, the House of Representatives must meet to elect a president using a contingent election procedure in which representatives, voting by state delegation, with each state casting a single vote, choose between the top electoral vote-getters for president.

    For a candidate to win, he or she must receive the votes of an absolute majority of states currently 26 of A 73—73 electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first.

    Conducted under the original procedure established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution, which stipulates that if two or three persons received a majority vote and an equal vote, the House of Representatives would choose one of them for president; the runner up would become Vice President.

    Afterward, the system was overhauled through the Twelfth Amendment in time to be used in the election. Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House was required to choose a president from among the top three electoral vote recipients: Held February 9, , this second and most recent contingent election resulted in John Quincy Adams being elected president on the first ballot.

    Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment , the four-year term of office for both the president and vice president begins at noon on January As a result of the date change, the first term —37 of both men had been shortened by 43 days.

    Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the presidential oath of office , found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8.

    This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:. I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.

    Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath. When the first president, George Washington, announced in his Farewell Address that he was not running for a third term, he established a "two-terms then out" precedent.

    Precedent became tradition after Thomas Jefferson publicly embraced the principle a decade later during his second term, as did his two immediate successors, James Madison and James Monroe.

    Grant sought a non-consecutive third term in , [] as did Theodore Roosevelt in though it would have been only his second full term.

    In , after leading the nation through the Great Depression , Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent.

    Four years later, with the U. Bush , and Barack Obama. Both Jimmy Carter and George H. Bush sought a second term, but were defeated.

    Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it. Johnson , having held the presidency for one full term in addition to only 14 months of John F.

    Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of high federal officials, including the president, from office for " treason , bribery , or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

    Two presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson in , and Bill Clinton in Both were acquitted by the senate: Johnson by one vote, and Clinton by 17 votes.

    Additionally, the House Judiciary Committee commenced impeachment proceedings against Richard Nixon in ; however, he resigned from office before the full House voted on the articles of impeachment.

    Succession to or vacancies in the office of president may arise under several possible circumstances: Deaths have occurred a number of times, resignation has occurred only once, and removal from office has never occurred.

    Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting president , by transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer.

    The president resumes the discharge of the presidential powers and duties upon transmitting, to those two officials, a written declaration stating that resumption.

    Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W. Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21, Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the vice president, in conjunction with a majority of the Cabinet , may transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to discharge their presidential powers and duties.

    If this occurs, then the vice president will assume the presidential powers and duties as acting president; however, the president can declare that no such inability exists and resume the discharge of the presidential powers and duties.

    If the vice president and Cabinet contest this claim, it is up to Congress, which must meet within two days if not already in session, to decide the merit of the claim.

    The Cabinet currently has 15 members, of which the Secretary of State is first in line; the other Cabinet secretaries follow in the order in which their department or the department of which their department is the successor was created.

    Those department heads who are constitutionally ineligible to be elected to the presidency are also disqualified from assuming the powers and duties of the presidency through succession.

    No statutory successor has yet been called upon to act as president. Throughout most of its history, politics of the United States have been dominated by political parties.

    Political parties had not been anticipated when the U. Constitution was drafted in , nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in — Organized political parties developed in the U.

    Those who supported the Washington administration were referred to as "pro-administration" and would eventually form the Federalist Party , while those in opposition joined the emerging Democratic-Republican Party.

    Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.

    He was, and remains, the only U. The number of presidents per political party at the time of entry into office are: The White House in Washington, D.

    The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in Every president since John Adams in has lived there. At various times in U.

    The federal government pays for state dinners and other official functions, but the president pays for personal, family, and guest dry cleaning and food.

    A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the s.

    The primary means of long distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board although any U.

    Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight. In-country trips are typically handled with just one of the two planes, while overseas trips are handled with both, one primary and one backup.

    The president also has access to smaller Air Force aircraft, most notably the Boeing C , which are used when the president must travel to airports that cannot support a jumbo jet.

    Any civilian aircraft the president is aboard is designated Executive One for the flight. For short distance air travel, the president has access to a fleet of U.

    Marine Corps helicopters of varying models, designated Marine One when the president is aboard any particular one in the fleet.

    Flights are typically handled with as many as five helicopters all flying together and frequently swapping positions as to disguise which helicopter the president is actually aboard to any would-be threats.

    For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car , which is an armored limousine designed to look like a Cadillac sedan, but built on a truck chassis.

    The president also has access to two armored motorcoaches , which are primarily used for touring trips. The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is inside.

    Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard. Secret Service is charged with protecting the president and the first family. As part of their protection, presidents, first ladies , their children and other immediate family members, and other prominent persons and locations are assigned Secret Service codenames.

    Under the Former Presidents Act , all living former presidents are granted a pension, an office, and a staff. The pension has increased numerous times with Congressional approval.

    Bush , and all subsequent presidents. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office.

    Grover Cleveland , whose bid for reelection failed in , was elected president again four years later in Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for seventeen years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in John Tyler served in the provisional Congress of the Confederate States during the Civil War and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives, but died before that body first met.

    Presidents may use their predecessors as emissaries to deliver private messages to other nations or as official representatives of the United States to state funerals and other important foreign events.

    Bill Clinton has also worked as an informal ambassador, most recently in the negotiations that led to the release of two American journalists , Laura Ling and Euna Lee , from North Korea.

    Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.

    As of February there are four living former U. The most recent former president to die was George H. Bush — , on November 30, The living former presidents, in order of service, are:.

    Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.

    Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.

    There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations and Universities of Higher Education, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum , which is run by the State of Illinois , the George W.

    A number of presidents have lived for many years after leaving office, and several of them have personally overseen the building and opening of their own presidential libraries.

    Some have even made arrangements for their own burial at the site. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.

    These gravesites are open to the general public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political talk radio channel, see P. For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation.

    For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States. Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections.

    Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Green. Powers of the President of the United States. Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.

    For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States. Imperial Presidency and Imperiled Presidency.

    United States presidential primary , United States presidential nominating convention , United States presidential election debates , and United States presidential election.

    Electoral College United States. United States presidential inauguration. Impeachment in the United States. List of residences of Presidents of the United States.

    Transportation of the President of the United States. Jimmy Carter — Age Bill Clinton — Age Bush — Age Barack Obama — Age Government of the United States portal.

    Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph. Truman ; Lyndon B. Johnson ; and Gerald Ford Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner.

    Several presidents campaigned unsuccessfully for other U. Tyler served in the Provisional Confederate Congress from to He was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives in November , but died before he could take his seat.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Usa presidents. For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation.

    Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Green.

    For example, George Washington served two consecutive terms and is counted as the first president not the first and second.

    Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd president and the 24th president because his two terms were not consecutive.

    A vice president who temporarily becomes acting president under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Constitution is not counted, because the president remains in office during such a period.

    As a result, his first term was only 1, days long as opposed to the usual 1, , and was the shortest term for a U. The elections of were the first ones in the United States that were contested on anything resembling a partisan basis.

    As a result, his first term was only 1, days long, and was the shortest term for a U. Federalist John Adams was elected president, and Jefferson of the Democratic-Republicans was elected vice president.

    Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner. Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party.

    Arthur was initially sworn in as president on September 20, , and then again on September Retrieved October 1, Retrieved July 1, Retrieved January 22, Retrieved January 18, Retrieved March 6, Retrieved November 21, Retrieved November 27, Retrieved March 7, Retrieved January 20, Presidents of the United States.

    Grant — Rutherford B. Hayes — James A. Garfield Chester A. Roosevelt — Harry S. Truman — Dwight D. Eisenhower — John F. Kennedy — Lyndon B. Bush — Bill Clinton — George W.

    Bush — Barack Obama — Donald Trump —present. Wilson Harding Coolidge Hoover F. Roosevelt Truman Eisenhower Kennedy L. Book Category List Portal. List of Presidents List of Vice Presidents.

    Acting President Designated survivor Line of succession. Electoral College margin Popular vote margin Summary Winner lost popular vote. Senate vice presidential bust collection.

    Presidents actors Vice Presidents actors Candidates Line of succession. Chief executives of the United States. President of the United States.

    Retrieved from " https: Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism Use mdy dates from April Articles with short description.

    Views Read View source View history. In other projects Wikiquote. This page was last edited on 29 January , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

    This article is part of a series on the. Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections.

    United States portal Other countries Atlas. April 30, [d] — March 4, George Washington — Lived: Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army — John Adams [e] [f].

    March 4, — March 4, John Adams — Lived: Thomas Jefferson — Lived: Aaron Burr March 4, — March 4, In the event of an electoral vote tie, the House of Representatives will decide who has won the presidential election.

    To start your presidential campaign, register with the Federal Election Commission and publicly announce your candidacy.

    For tips on how to raise money for your campaign and gain support from American citizens and electors, read on! To create this article, 54 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time.

    Together, they cited 10 references. This article has also been viewed , times. President van Amerika worden. Prove you are a natural born American Citizen.

    This is a constitutional requirement. You need to be born in the United States or be born to a natural-born American parent.

    Really, you want to be as "American" as possible. Did you grow up in a log cabin playing baseball and eating apple pie?

    Turn 35 years old. The constitution also prohibits anyone who is not yet thirty-five years of age from becoming president. The average age of a man entering the Oval Office for the first time is 55 years old.

    Live in the United States for at least 14 consecutive years before you run for president. This residency requirement is found in Article II of the Constitution with the other two eligibility requirements.

    And try not to get impeached by the House and then removed from office by the Senate. Get plenty of education.

    While there are no educational requirements or experience necessary per se, most presidents have had advanced degrees and studied Law or Business before entering Politics.

    Getting active, involved, and recognized by your community and as a leader at that is best done as soon as possible. Seek out a politically-related career.

    So get involved in your community! Run for mayor , governor , senator , or some other representative of your state. You could be some type of community organizer, lawyer, or activist, too.

    The sooner you pick a political party, the better. Part 1 Quiz Which of the following will make it difficult, but not impossible, to become eligible to run for president?

    Having no military service record. Having no political experience. Not getting a law or business degree. Participating in a rebellion against the state.

    Talk to your family and supporters. Becoming president includes a grueling campaign where every bit of your personal and professional life will be picked apart by the media and your competitors.

    You will need support. Is it worth it? Form an exploratory committee. This committee can "test the waters" or determine what your chances are.

    Appoint a campaign manager to put together this committee for you. This should be someone you know and trust, who has experience with politics, fundraising and campaigns.

    Utilize your exploratory committee to assess the level of visibility you have in the public i. The committee should also recruit potential donors, endorsements, staff and volunteers, and write position papers and speeches.

    After that statement is filed, you have ten days to file a Statement of Organization. You must also report campaign income and expenditures to the FEC on a quarterly basis.

    Declare your candidacy publicly. This is an opportunity to hold a rally for supporters and voters. Most presidential candidates hold a rally in their hometown or some other significant location.

    So bust out the t-shirts, the buttons, and the bumper stickers. After you have publicly announced your campaign.

    After you have formed an exploratory committee. Presidential campaigns are expensive. You can rely on a political party if you are the chosen candidate of that party.

    If you face other party members in a primary or you do not belong to a major party that above figure being why most join one of the two major parties , you will need to raise money from other sources.

    Raise money from large donors as well as small. Appeal to average Americans. To become president, you will need to shake hands, kiss babies, attend small town events and visit factories, veterans, churches, farms and businesses.

    Al Gore said he invented the Internet. John Edwards had an affair. Win primary elections, caucuses and delegates.

    Im Jahr trat er nicht zur Wiederwahl an. Grant betrieb eine ambivalente Indianerpolitik. Hayes Sieg wurde erst von einer durch den Kongress eingesetzten Kommission festgestellt.

    In seine Amtszeit fiel der Beginn des Gilded Age. Einer Wiederwahl im Jahr stellte er sich nicht. Nachdem er dem Geisteskranken Charles J.

    In seiner ersten Amtszeit wurde die Freiheitsstatue eingeweiht. In seine Amtszeit fiel das Ende des Gilded Age.

    William Howard Taft — Dabei geriet er in einen innerparteilichen Konflikt zwischen verschiedensten Interessensgemeinschaften.

    Da es seiner Regierung nicht gelang, die Folgen der Wirtschaftsdepression abzumildern, bleib seine Wiederwahl ein aussichtsloses Unterfangen. United States Minister to Colombia — John Tyler Succeeded to presidency.

    April 4, [i] — March 4, John Tyler — Lived: Whig April 4, — September 13, Unaffiliated September 13, — March 4, [j]. March 4, — July 9, Died in office.

    Zachary Taylor — Lived: Millard Fillmore Succeeded to presidency. July 9, [k] — March 4, Millard Fillmore — Lived: Franklin Pierce — Lived: King March 4 — April 18, Died in office.

    James Buchanan — Lived: March 4, — April 15, Died in office. Abraham Lincoln — Lived: Republican National Union [l]. Hannibal Hamlin March 4, — March 4, Andrew Johnson March 4 — April 15, Succeeded to presidency.

    April 15, — March 4, Andrew Johnson — Lived: National Union April 15, — c. Commanding General of the U. Army — No prior elected office. Schuyler Colfax March 4, — March 4, Henry Wilson March 4, — November 22, Died in office.

    March 4, — September 19, Died in office. Arthur Succeeded to presidency. September 19, [n] — March 4, Grover Cleveland — Lived: Hendricks March 4 — November 25, Died in office.

    Benjamin Harrison — Lived: Senator Class 1 from Indiana — March 4, — September 14, Died in office. William McKinley — Lived: Garret Hobart March 4, — November 21, Died in office.

    Theodore Roosevelt March 4 — September 14, Succeeded to presidency. September 14, — March 4, Theodore Roosevelt — Lived: Office vacant September 14, — March 4, Fairbanks March 4, — March 4, William Howard Taft — Lived: Sherman March 4, — October 30, Died in office.

    Woodrow Wilson — Lived: March 4, — August 2, Died in office. Senator Class 3 from Ohio — Calvin Coolidge Succeeded to presidency.

    August 2, [o] — March 4, Calvin Coolidge — Lived: Office vacant August 2, — March 4, Dawes March 4, — March 4, Herbert Hoover — Lived: March 4, — April 12, Died in office.

    Garner March 4, — January 20, [p]. Wallace January 20, — January 20, Truman January 20 — April 12, Succeeded to presidency.

    April 12, — January 20, Office vacant April 12, — January 20, Barkley January 20, — January 20, January 20, — January 20, Supreme Allied Commander Europe — No prior elected office.

    January 20, — November 22, Died in office. Kennedy — Lived: Senator Class 1 from Massachusetts — Johnson Succeeded to presidency.

    Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W.

    Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21, Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the vice president, in conjunction with a majority of the Cabinet , may transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to discharge their presidential powers and duties.

    If this occurs, then the vice president will assume the presidential powers and duties as acting president; however, the president can declare that no such inability exists and resume the discharge of the presidential powers and duties.

    If the vice president and Cabinet contest this claim, it is up to Congress, which must meet within two days if not already in session, to decide the merit of the claim.

    The Cabinet currently has 15 members, of which the Secretary of State is first in line; the other Cabinet secretaries follow in the order in which their department or the department of which their department is the successor was created.

    Those department heads who are constitutionally ineligible to be elected to the presidency are also disqualified from assuming the powers and duties of the presidency through succession.

    No statutory successor has yet been called upon to act as president. Throughout most of its history, politics of the United States have been dominated by political parties.

    Political parties had not been anticipated when the U. Constitution was drafted in , nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in — Organized political parties developed in the U.

    Those who supported the Washington administration were referred to as "pro-administration" and would eventually form the Federalist Party , while those in opposition joined the emerging Democratic-Republican Party.

    Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.

    He was, and remains, the only U. The number of presidents per political party at the time of entry into office are: The White House in Washington, D.

    The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in Every president since John Adams in has lived there.

    At various times in U. The federal government pays for state dinners and other official functions, but the president pays for personal, family, and guest dry cleaning and food.

    A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the s. The primary means of long distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board although any U.

    Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight. In-country trips are typically handled with just one of the two planes, while overseas trips are handled with both, one primary and one backup.

    The president also has access to smaller Air Force aircraft, most notably the Boeing C , which are used when the president must travel to airports that cannot support a jumbo jet.

    Any civilian aircraft the president is aboard is designated Executive One for the flight. For short distance air travel, the president has access to a fleet of U.

    Marine Corps helicopters of varying models, designated Marine One when the president is aboard any particular one in the fleet. Flights are typically handled with as many as five helicopters all flying together and frequently swapping positions as to disguise which helicopter the president is actually aboard to any would-be threats.

    For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car , which is an armored limousine designed to look like a Cadillac sedan, but built on a truck chassis.

    The president also has access to two armored motorcoaches , which are primarily used for touring trips. The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is inside.

    Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard. Secret Service is charged with protecting the president and the first family. As part of their protection, presidents, first ladies , their children and other immediate family members, and other prominent persons and locations are assigned Secret Service codenames.

    Under the Former Presidents Act , all living former presidents are granted a pension, an office, and a staff.

    The pension has increased numerous times with Congressional approval. Bush , and all subsequent presidents. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office.

    Grover Cleveland , whose bid for reelection failed in , was elected president again four years later in Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for seventeen years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in John Tyler served in the provisional Congress of the Confederate States during the Civil War and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives, but died before that body first met.

    Presidents may use their predecessors as emissaries to deliver private messages to other nations or as official representatives of the United States to state funerals and other important foreign events.

    Bill Clinton has also worked as an informal ambassador, most recently in the negotiations that led to the release of two American journalists , Laura Ling and Euna Lee , from North Korea.

    Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.

    As of February there are four living former U. The most recent former president to die was George H. Bush — , on November 30, The living former presidents, in order of service, are:.

    Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.

    Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.

    There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations and Universities of Higher Education, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum , which is run by the State of Illinois , the George W.

    A number of presidents have lived for many years after leaving office, and several of them have personally overseen the building and opening of their own presidential libraries.

    Some have even made arrangements for their own burial at the site. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.

    These gravesites are open to the general public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political talk radio channel, see P.

    For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation. For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States.

    Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Green.

    Powers of the President of the United States. Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.

    For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States. Imperial Presidency and Imperiled Presidency.

    United States presidential primary , United States presidential nominating convention , United States presidential election debates , and United States presidential election.

    Electoral College United States. United States presidential inauguration. Impeachment in the United States. List of residences of Presidents of the United States.

    Transportation of the President of the United States. Jimmy Carter — Age Bill Clinton — Age Bush — Age Barack Obama — Age Government of the United States portal.

    Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph. Truman ; Lyndon B. Johnson ; and Gerald Ford Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner.

    Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved September 4, Retrieved November 1, Retrieved July 19, Retrieved November 9, The People Debate the Constitution, — New York, New York: A forgotten huge day in American history".

    Retrieved July 29, Retrieved January 22, The History of Power". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association. Origins and Development 5th ed.

    Its Origins and Development. Retrieved January 20, Founding the American Presidency. The Making of the American Constitution.

    Commander in Chief Clause". National Constitution Center Educational Resources some internal navigation required.

    Retrieved May 23, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. McPherson, Tried by War: United States Department of Defense.

    Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved February 25, About the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Federalist 69 reposting. Retrieved June 15, Archived from the original PDF on November 26, Retrieved December 15, No clear mechanism or requirement exists today for the president and Congress to consult.

    The War Powers Resolution of contains only vague consultation requirements. Instead, it relies on reporting requirements that, if triggered, begin the clock running for Congress to approve the particular armed conflict.

    By the terms of the Resolution, however, Congress need not act to disapprove the conflict; the cessation of all hostilities is required in 60 to 90 days merely if Congress fails to act.

    Many have criticized this aspect of the Resolution as unwise and unconstitutional, and no president in the past 35 years has filed a report "pursuant" to these triggering provisions.

    Retrieved September 28, Retrieved November 8, Presidents have sent forces abroad more than times; Congress has declared war only five times: President Reagan told Congress of the invasion of Grenada two hours after he had ordered the landing.

    He told Congressional leaders of the bombing of Libya while the aircraft were on their way. It was not clear whether the White House consulted with Congressional leaders about the military action, or notified them in advance.

    Foley, the Speaker of the House, said on Tuesday night that he had not been alerted by the Administration. Retrieved August 7, Retrieved February 5, Noel Canning , U.

    United States , U. Olson , U. Retrieved January 23, But not since President Gerald R. Ford granted clemency to former President Richard M.

    Nixon for possible crimes in Watergate has a Presidential pardon so pointedly raised the issue of whether the President was trying to shield officials for political purposes.

    The prosecutor charged that Mr. Former president Clinton issued pardons on his last day in office, including several to controversial figures, such as commodities trader Rich, then a fugitive on tax evasion charges.

    Center for American Progress. Retrieved October 8, Retrieved November 29, Use of the state secrets privilege in courts has grown significantly over the last twenty-five years.

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